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The Seventy Weeks

 

Daniel 9:24 - "Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy."

70 weeks = 70 x 7 days = 490 days
In prophecy a day = a year, then = 490 years
69 weeks = 69 x 7 = 483 years
From 457 BC plus 483 years = 27 AD: Messiah Prince
Middle of week: 31 AD- Messiah cut off - Christ crucified
457 BC plus 490 years = 34 AD. End of 70 weeks - Gospel to Gentiles.

Daniel was perplexed, he could not understand: "Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed." (Daniel 8:14) In prophecy a day is given for a year. (Numbers 14:34; Eze. 4:6) This prophecy will go into the future for two thousand three hundred years.

The angel Gabriel was sent to explain the vision to Daniel: "Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city..." (Daniel 9:24) In another words, from the two thousand three hundred years, seventy prophetic weeks or four hundred and ninety continuous years are cut off for thy people, for the Jewish nation.

When to begin the countdown? The angel said: "Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to built Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times." (Dan. 9:25)

Three decrees were given to build in Jerusalem:

  1. King Cyrus, 536 BC to build Temple. (Ezra 1:2, 3)
  2. Darius, 519 BC to continue building. (Ezra 6:8-12)
  3. Artaxerxes, 457 BC To build and restore Jerusalem, to set national autonomy. (Ezra 7:12-26)

The 457 BC decree given by King Artaxerxes gave the Jews the starting point for their political existence with the setting of magistrates and own government under the auspices of Medo-Persia. From 457 BC unto the Messiah Prince should be sixty nine prophetic weeks or 483 years. Is it true? Yes indeed, "Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar..." (Luke 3:1) This year corresponds to the year 27 AD when John the Baptist began calling to repentance and baptizing in the river Jordan.

Jesus, about 30, was waiting for the appointed time in the prophecy: "Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased." (Luke 3:21, 22) Here, Jesus was anointed as the Messiah in the autumn of 27 AD to begin his ministry of 3½ years. It was a precise fulfillment of God's prophecy.

There is no gap in God's time, the seventieth week goes right after the sixty-ninth week. The seven years of the seventieth week start on 27 AD and end on 34 AD, ending also the focus of the prophecy on the Jewish nation. The focus of prophecy for the last days is not anymore on old Jerusalem but on the active players of the end: the Papacy and the United States of America. (Rev. 13)

"And after threescore and two weeks (69 - 7 = 62) shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself... And in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease..." (Dan. 9:26,27) The Messiah was crucified after 3½ years, in the middle of the week, putting an end to the system of sacrifices in the Temple for the sins of the people. The Lamb of God had given his blood and life, once for all, for the redemption of the human race. For another 3½ years the disciples continued confirming the covenant with the house of Israel, telling them that Jesus was the promised Messiah for their own salvation. But on 34 AD the ruling body could not tolerate any longer the preaching of a Christ resurrected and head of the body of believers. And the last prophetic voice to close the 70th week for the Jewish nation came from the mouth of Stephen as he was to be stoned: "Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God." (Acts 7:56) The persecution dispersed the church to most cities around, and the preaching went also to the Gentiles. This was a precise fulfillment of the events on the seventieth week of Daniel 9: 24-27.

Because of delayed mercy, a few years of waiting were given to the Jews before "the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary..." On 70 AD the Roman army under Prince Titus brought destruction, ruin, and the prophesied desolation to Jerusalem. (Dan. 9:26)

With the seventy weeks the Messiah brought for us reconciliation, salvation and justification. The sacrifice of the Lamb of God on the cross of Calvary made provision for all human beings on earth to obtain salvation; but not all people are saved, because there is freedom of choice: you can choose to follow Jesus and be saved for life eternal, or you can choose the selfish, lawless and rebellious life of the devil and be lost together with the many people who are following other gods. Ascending to heaven to "anoint the most Holy" Jesus entered the Heavenly Sanctuary where He was anointed as 'the High Priest, Mediator of the New Covenant.' There He applies the merits of His blood for the remission of sins of all who come to Him. The tabernacle of Moses and Aaron was only a shadow or figure of the true Sanctuary in heaven, but it teaches us, to be able to see, by faith, our High Priest ministering in favor of His followers. The Advocate, now in the Judgment, has the power to place His pure and just life over the penitent sinner, and by grace, grant him eternal life with his name written in the Book of Life.

If the seventy weeks of Daniel 9: 24 had a precise fulfillment pointing out the ministry of the Messiah on earth from the Autumn of 27 AD to the Spring of 31 AD, then by faith, the believer can see also the end of the 2300 years and Christ-the Most High Priest and Advocate entering the Judgment with mercy and justice to grant his saving grace to the heirs of the Kingdom of God. (Daniel 7: 9, 10, 13; Hebrews 7, 8, 9; 1 John 2:1)

No one on earth can judge who is saved or lost, only "the Lord, the righteous judge." (2 Tim. 4: 8) Blessed are those whose names "are written in the Lamb's book of life." (Rev. 21:27) When Christ comes, if they are dead, at the last trumpet, they will raise up with immortality; if they are alive, their mortal body will be changed in a twinkling of an eye into an immortal body ready to ascend to Jesus and accompany him to the heavenly mansions for a thousand years. (1 Thessa. 4: 14-17)

 

 

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